HERE IS THE RISK OF DEATH FOR SMUGGLING OR POSSESSING MORE THAN SPECIFIED AMOUNTS IN THESE COUNTRIES
Costa Rica, Mexico, And Colombia Preparing For U.S. Pot Legalization
- UNITED NATIONS: Global Drug Survey: Results for 2013 : 1 May 2013
- UNITED NATIONS: CANADA: UN Narcotics Control Board Questions Canada's Policy On Use Of Marijuana: Canadian Online Explorer, 25 February 2003
- UNITED NATIONS: UK: Cannabis Changes Wrong, Says UN: The Times, 26 February 2003
- UNITED NATIONS: UN Raps EU Countries Over Cannabis Let-Up: The Age, Australia, 27 February 2002
- UNITED NATIONS: UN Treaty 'No Bar' To Easing Drug Laws: The Guardian, 28 August 2001
- AFGHANISTAN: Afghans best producers of cannabis: UN : The Australian, 31 March 2010
- AFGHANISTAN: Cannabis is the New Drug of Choice for Afghanistan's : Times On-Line , December 7 2007
- ALGERIA: Drug Trafficker Zendjabil Abdelkder Jailed in Saida: Elkhabar, February 7 2008
- ALASAKA: Medical Marijuana Legal: The Juneau Empire, March 2 1999
- ALBANIA: As Pot Farms Spread Far And Wide: Business Week (US), 23 March 2000
- ARGENTINA: A New Proposal For Medicinal Cannabis: 3 May 2013
- ARGENTINA: Argentina court ruling would allow personal use of pot: CNN, 25 August 2009
- AUSTRALIA: Expert calls for marijuana to be legalised to reduce harm of binge drinking in teens : 10 July 2013
- AUSTRALIA: Australia edges closer to hemp authorisation for food uses: Nutraingredients-usa.com, 8 July 2011
- AUSTRALIA: Western Australia Eases Rules on Cannabis: New Zealand Herald, 22 March 2004
- AUSTRIA: Austria allows cannabis for medical purposes: Khaleej Times, July 10 2008
- BELGIUM: Belgium: New Rules On Cannabis Use Enter Into Force: Expatica.Com, 1 February 2005
- BELIZE: Belize Considering Decriminalisation of Marijuana Possession: The Carribean, 20 July 2012
- BERMUDA: Ras Calls For Open And Honest Dialogue On Marijuana: The Royal Gazette, 31 May 2002
- BERMUDA: Bermuda Unlikely To Follow UK's Lead On Cannabis Law: Royal Gazette Bermuda, 25 May 2002
- BHUTAN: Growing Cannabis Problem: BBC News, 30 May 2002
- BORNEO: Nigerian College Student Gets Six years, 12 Strokes for Drug Possession: Borneo Post, 13 July 2012
- BORNEO: Thai woman escapes hangman's noose: Borneo Post, 26 April 2012
- BRAZIL: Judge Says Legalize All Drugs Worldwide: Opposing Views, 5 April 2010
- BRUNEI: Trio Face Death in Cannabis Case
- BULGARIA: Bulgaria Is Among Cannabis Top Producers in Europe: Standard Times, 26 February 2010
- CAMAROON: Camaroon To Import Cannabis: BBC News, 8 January 2001
- CAMBODIA: U.N. Report - Cambodia Top World Source Of Marijuana: The Star, Malaysia, 8 June 2001
- CANADA: New medical marijuana rules cut homegrowers, pharmacists out: 10 June 2013
- CANADA: Judge Quashes Pot Law: Windosr Star, April 15 2011
- CANADA: Compassion club providing medicinal marijuana shut down by police: Glober and Mail, 5 April 2010
- CANADA: Canada Court to Keep Marijuana Illegal: Associated Press, 23 December 2003
- CANADA: Court Makes Pot Possession Illegal Again: Toronto Star, 7 October 2003
- CANADA: Judge Calls Marijuana Law Invalid: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 2 January 2003
- CHILE: CHILEAN SENATORS PROPOSE DECRIMINALISATION OF CANNABIS CULTIVATION : Santiago Times, 8 August 2012
- CHINA:: death sentence on over 5 kilos
- CHINA: Doctor Eager To Do Brain Surgery To Rid Drug Addiction: China Daily, 24 June 2005
- CROATIA: : Croatia Decriminalizes Drug Use : IOL: December 14 2012
- COLOMBIA: : Colombia passes 1st draft of drug crop legalization bill: Colombia Reports, 9 May 2012
- CYPRUS: Nine years jail for cannabis trafficker : Cyrus Mail, 8 October 2010
- CZECH REPUBLC: Czech Republic Legalizes Cannabis For Medicinal Consumption: eNews Park Forest, 21 February 2013
- CZECH REPUBLIC: Medical Marijuana Now Sold Legally in Pharmacies Throughout the Czech Republic: 2 April 2013
- CZECH REPUBLC: Czech youth EU’s leading pot smokers: CzechPosition, July 11 2011
- CZECH REPUBLC: Pot smokers exhale with relief over new drug law : AFP, 17 March 2010
- CZECH REPUBLC: Punishment for Marihuana to be Milder for Czechs: Prague Monitor, January 2 2009
- DENMARK Life after cannabis prohibition: The city announces its ambitionsCopenhagen Post, 16 March 2013
- DENMARK Mayors reject legal cannabis proposal Copenhagen Post, 4 March 2013
- DENMARK Majority Wants to Legalise Hash Politiken, 6 August 2012
- DUBAI: Manager, salesman jailed fouryears for possessing cannabis Manager claimed he possessed 1.2kg cannabis for consumption: Gulf News, 3 March 2013
- DUBAI: Radio DJ Jailed in Dubai Over Drugs : Press Association , February 20 2008
- DUBAI: Dealers Get Death for Trafficking Cannabis: Gulf News, 18 November 2003
- EGYPT: EGYPT: BRITON SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR ALLEGEDLY TRYING TO SMUGGLE THREE TONS OF CANNABIS INTO EGYPT, 3 JUNE 2013
- EGYPT: Egypt faces the scourge of hashish: Ennahar Online, Monday 05 Apr 2010
- ESTONIA:Businessmen want to restore cannabis industry in Estonia: Baltic Business News, July 15 2008
- FIJI: Marijuana a Fiji Election Issue: A Fijian high chief has said his people should be shot dead if found planting marijuana: CNN (US Web), 19 August 2001
- FINLAND: Cannabis cultivation on the rise: 18 July 2013
- FINLAND: Legal cannabis rejected by government: Copenhagen Post, 14 May 2012
- FIJI: Fiji: Drug user gets jail time: Fiji Daily Post, July 21 2008
- FRANCE: Law on pot-based medicine takes effect : 10 June 2013
- FRANCE: 'Cannabis clubs' register in France: 27 March 2013
- FRANCE: Pass the joint, s'il vous plait: Haaretz Daily Newspaper, 3 July 2011
- GERMANY:Weed War: Marijuana Plants Sprout across German City : Der Spielgel, 15 July 2103
- GERMANY: Cannabis cafes could set up shop in Berlin : DW.de, 16 September 2013
- GERMANY: Nationwide cannabis limit rolls nearer : The Local, 24 May 2013
- GERMANY: Launch for cannabis drug Sativex : The Telegraph, 4 July 2011
- GERMANY: Berlin Set to Relax Cannabis Laws : Spiegel, May 18 2010
- GHANA: Farmer remanded for possessing 29 wrappers of cannabis: Modern Ghana, May 26 2008
- GHANA: Police Arrest Chief: Modern Ghana, October 27 2007
- GUAM: Religion No Defense For Drugs: Newsday,
29 May 2002
this counteracts Ruling Alters Law On Marijuana allowing Religious Use: Honolulu Advertiser, 12 September 2000
- GUATEMALA President to world: Legalize drugs: AZ Central, 25 September 2012
- GUYANA Fine and One Month (for 1 gramme of cannabis): Stabroek News, 6 August 2012
- HUNGARYPolice Raid Hungary's Largest Ever Cannabis Plantation: 6 August 2012
- INDIA: Two drug peddlers jailed for 10 years: Newstrack India, 25 April 2012
- INDIA: Pot smokers exhale with relief over new drug law: India Express, 23 February 2010
- INDIA: Govt may relax 'death penalty' clause under Narcotics Act: Hindustan Times, 8 May 2012
- INDIA: 20 years imprisonment for cannabis cultivators: Daily Etalaat, 28 August 2009
- INDONESIA: :Indonesia will consider pleas for clemency (Schapelle Corby): Sydney Morning Herald, 8 July 2011
- IRAN:: Two drug traffickers hanged: Peninsula On-Line, Qatar, May 5 2007
- IRELAND: EU to discuss legalising medicinal cannabis: Evening Echo, 6 September 2010
- ISRAEL: Israel relaxes restrictions on medical marijuana: Haaretz , September 5 2010
- ITALY: Cannabis Based Medicine ‘Sativex’ Now Available in Italy , 9 June 2013
- JAMAICA: Government Considers Legalization of Marijuana: KBCS New, March 1 2008
- JAPAN: Record 1,446 detected for cannabis in January-June period: Japan Today, 20 August 2009
- KENYA: Man Gets Life in Sentence for Trafficking Bhang:All Africa, 8 July 2011
- KENYA: Cannabis Given As Pain Killer: East African Standard, 1 April 2002
- KUWAIT: Drug Addiction Growing: Seattle Times, 11 August 2002 August 2002
- LEBANON: Cannabis farmers scoff at LL45 billion plan: Daily Star, Lebanon, 27 September 2012
- LEBANON: Compensation for Criminals but Rest Wither on the Vine: The National, Lebanon, 9 August 2012
- LEBANON: Security Forces Destroying Cannabis Come under Fire in East Lebanon: Daily Star Lebanon, 23 July 2012
- MALDIVES: : Bangladeshi man sentenced to life for attempting to smuggle cannabis: Minivan News, April 30 2012
- MALDIVES: : Reggae artist sentenced to 10 years for cannabis possession : Minivan News, September 22 2010
- MALAYSIA: : DEATH PENALTY IN MALAYSIA
- MALAYSIA: : THAI TO HANG FOR CARRYING CANNABIS: 26 November 2012>
- MALAYSIA: : Two Customs officers to hang for trafficking in cannabis : New Straits Times, 10 October 2012
- MALAYSIA: : Upheld: Death Sentence On Indonesian For Drug Trafficking: Bernama, April 23 2012
- MALAYSIA:Van Driver To Hang For Drug Trafficking: Bernarma, 17 June 2010
- MALTA: Briton handed 15 years for cannabis importation: Malta Today, 11 July 2013
- MALTA: Man guilty of cultivating cannabis jailed 12 years: Malta Media, March 5 2009
- MEXICO: Weeding Out a New Tijuana: Baltimore Sun, 17 August 2002
- MALTA: No possession of drugs required for drug possession charges: Malta Today, 4 September 2012
- MALTA: Online poll | 50% vote for decriminalisation of cannabis possession: Malta Today, 13 May 2012
- MEXICO: Mexico City mulls legal marijuana 'clubs': Tengri News, 4 September 2013
- MEXICO: Mexico Favors Decriminalizing Over Legalizing Marijuana: Hispanically Speaking News, 8 August 2013
- MEXICO: Mexico should take the next step and fully legalize drugs: The Examiner, 25 August 2009
- MEXICO: Mexico decriminalizes small-scale drug possession: The Boston Globe, 21 August 2009
- MOROCCO: World-wide cracks Hawaii Daily News, 31 July 2013
- MOROCCO: Will the Cultivation of Cannabis be Legalized in Morocco?, 16 June 2013
- MOROCCO: Morocco Seizes 7 Tonnes of Britain-bound Cannabis : Oman Daily Observer, 6 August 2012
- MOROCCO: Cannabis Discussions To Take Place: Reuters, 11 June 2010
- NEPAL: International Customs Day Combatting Drug Trafficking : Gorkhapatra, January 26 2008
- NETHERLANDS: Five cannabis plants not punishable: April 2011
- NETHERLANDS: Dutch Government Wants "Members Only" Cannabis Coffee Shops: Drug War Chronciles, 20 September 2009
- NETHERLANDS: Netherlands aims to end drug tourism: Euronews, 13 May 2009
- NETHERLANDS: : click here
- NEW ZEALAND : Drug tests for KiwiRail workers: Otago Daily Times, 22 May 2013
- NEW ZEALAND : Mother convicted over cannabis in breast milk: New Zealand Herald, 27 October 2012 - see also: Cannabinoids, like those found in marijuana, occur naturally in human breast milk
- NEW ZEALAND : Legalising medicinal use of cannabis defeated: NZ City, 2 July 2009
- NORTH KOREA: North Korea Has A Surprising Attitude To Marijuana: Business Insider, 15 January 2013
- NORTH KOREA: Cannabis was never made illegal and remains the preferred herb of the citizen : Dutch Passion Seeds, 17 January 2013
- NORWAY: Commission Set To Call For Decriminalization: Aftenposten, 25 January 2002
- PAKISTAN : Charas, cannabis epidemic hits Karachi schools and colleges : Sify News, 10 June 2010
- PENANG: : Ex-painter Sent to Gallows The Star, Malaysia, OPctober 29 2007
- PERU: Motorist gets 10 years in pot seizure : News Tribune, 11 June 2010
- PHILIPPINES: Man Gets 15 Years In Jail For Marijuana Possession: Freeman Philippines, 18 July 2005
- PHILIPPINES: Aussie Gets 12 Years For Marijuana: People's Tonight (Philippines), 20 October 2004
- PHILIPPINES: Death for Marijuana: Philippine Star, 29 June 2002
- PHILIPPINES: President Signs Four 'Landmark' Bills Into Law: death penalty: Manila Times, 8 June 2002
- PORTUGAL: Portuguese Politicians Propose Bill to Legalise and Regulate Cannabis: Sensi Seeds, 27 July 2012
- PORTUGAL: Portugal drug decriminalisation 'a resounding success': will Britain respond? No. : The Telegraph, 28 Sept 2010
- PORTUGAL: Cannabis Use Levels Off After Sharp Rise in the 90's: Portuigal News, August 8 2008
- RWANDA: Four Districts Step Up Fight Against Drug Trafficking: AllAfrica, 6 August 2012
- RWANDA: Rwanda: 1, 600 Arrested for Narcotics, Kanyanga : AllAfrica, 30 July 2012
- RWANDA: Rwanda Govt Seeks to Legalize Marijuana for Medical Use : whyprohibition, 10 Juen 2010
- SAUDI ARABIA: Pakistani And Iraqi Beheaded In Saudi Arabia: Daily Times (Pakistan), January 2, 2005
- SAUDI ARABIA: Executes Iraqi For Drug Smuggling: New Zealand Herald, 14 April 2003
- SCOTLAND: Police To Retain Harder Line On Cannabis: The Scotsman, 5 September 2002
- SCOTLAND: Scotland's First Cannabis Cafe Set To Open: The Herald, 3 May 2002
- SCOTLAND: Police Ignore Cannabis Dealers In Attempt To Crack Down on Hard Drugs: Scotland on Sunday, 12 August 2001
- SINGAPORE: Pusher jailed, caned for selling drugs to students at international schools : Straits Times, 6 June 2013
- SINGAPORE: Indian National Jailed for Consuming Cannabis in Singapore: Samaylive, October 23 2012
- SINGAPORE: Singapore's policy keeps drugs at bay: Today, 11 June 2010
- SINGAPORE: Singapore sentences Ghanaian drug trafficker to death: AFP, 3 January 2009
- SINGAPORE: Singapore defends death penalty: 20 January 2009
- SRI LANKA: Largest ever cannabis plantation found: 12 July 2103
- SRI LANKA: Police Intensify Campaign Against Drugs: Sunday Observer, 26 June 2005
- SOUTH AFRICA: South Africa To Consider Legalizing Marijuana Truthonpot, August 8, 2013
- SOUTH AFRICA: Govt commission recommends semi-legalisation of marijuana, SABC News, September 18, 2012
- SOUTH KOREA: Debates Mount Over Marijuana Ban: Korea Times (South Korea), 19 October 2004
- SPAIN: Cannabis club thrives in Canary Islands : 19 April 2013
- SPAIN: Smoking Cannabis in Public to Remain a Serious Offence in Spain: Typically Spanish, November 20 2007
- SPAIN: Cannabis Clubs in Spain: Beckely Foundation, Sept 2012
- SPAIN: Catalan Parliament Pushes For Legalisation Of Cannabis: British Medical Journal, 3 March 2001
- SWAZILAND: Growing Marijuana to Make Ends Meet in Swaziland: AllAfricam, 6 September 2013
- SWEDEN: Deserted Swedish homes used to grow cannabis: The Local, 14 May 2012
- SWITZERLAND: Swiss Experts Debate What To Do About Cannabis: Eurasia Review, 23 July 2012
- TAIWAN: Bird-Feed Shop Selling Marijuana: Taipei Times, 26 January 2003
- THAILAND: Thai Drive Against Drug Dealers Turns Into A Bloodbath: Daily Telegraph, UK, 23 February 2003
- TURKEY: Turkish police destroy record amount of cannabis: SET, 11 August 2009
- UGANDA: Uganda Now Drug Hub, Admits Police: AllAfrica, 23 May 2013
- URUGUAY: Uruguay votes to create world's first national legal marijuana market: The Guardian, 1 August 2013
- URUGUAY: Uruguay Takes Historic Step Toward Becoming First Country to Legally Regulate Marijuana: Drug Policvy Alliance, 31 July 2013
- URUGUAY: Uruguay prepares for cannabis legalisation: Talking Drugs, 4 March 2013
- URUGUAY: Government Considers Growing Own Marijuana : Alaska Dispatch, 28 September 2012
- URUGUAY: President Mujica Backs Down On Plan To Legalise Cannabis: Bernama, 16 July 2012
- URUGUAY: Leader Urges Legalizing Drugs: Inquirer, 11 February 2001
- USA: First American states vote to legalise cannabis and gay marriage: The Mirror, 7 November 2012
- USA: Amendment 64 Passes: Colorado Legalizes Marijuana For Recreational Use: Huffington Post, 7 November 2012
- USA: Arkansas Voters Reject Medical Marijuana: High Times, 7 November 2012
- USA: Legalize It! Historic Night for Marijuana Reform as Colorado and Washington Take the Big Step: AlterNet, 6 November 2012
- USA: Burlington voters pass cannabis referendum: Burlington Fre Press, 6 November 2012
- VENEZUELASeizes More Than Ton Of Marijuana: Reuters, 18 January 2002
- VIETNAM: Chinese drug traffickers condemned to death: VietNamNet Bridge, 31 May 2010
- VIETNAM: Vietnam Sentenced 55 People To Death On Drug Charges: Denver Rocky Mountain News, 7 January 2002
- VIETNAM: Foreigners arrested in Vietnam's largest drug bust: Top News Law, May 15 2008
- ZAMBIA: 101-year-old Zambian man nabbed over cannabis cultivation: People Daily (China), April 20 2007
- ZAMBIA: Masasa Village Headman Jailed for Trafficking in Cannabis: Daily Mail, Zambia, 29 September 2012
- ZAMBIA: Chief Vows not to Protect Cannabis growers: Lusaka Times, 3 February 2010
- One-fifth of MEPs Support Decriminalisation of Cannabis : University of Manchester, 12 June 2007
- UK: MEPs Back Legal Cannabis : Manchester Eveinng News, June 13 2007
- Only Four European Union Countries Still Prohibit Cannabis: El Pais, 7 May 2001
- NORML Foundation Releases Report Detailing European Marijuana Policies
- World Cannabis Laws
- DATA - International Use of Incarceration figures
- Afghans best producers of cannabis: UN : The Australian, 31 March 2010
- Cannabis is the New Drug of Choice for Afghanistan's : Times On-Line , December 7 2007
- Drug Trafficker Zendjabil Abdelkder Jailed in Saida : Elkhabar, February 7 2008
- Argentine president calls for decriminalization of drug use: CNN, August 2 2008
- Australia:NSW committee approves medical cannabis : Perth Now, 21 May 2013
- Australia: Drug Pipes Charges: Bathhurst Western Advocate, August 25 2008
- Anti-drug Bill Passes SA Upper House : ABC, February 14 2008
- Marijuana Report Too Hot To Release: Herald Sun, 23 August 2001
- Plan For Legal Marijuana: Herald Sun, 22 August 2001
- Home Drug Growers Back To 3 Plants: The Advertiser, 22 August 2000
- New Zealand Herald 11 January.2000
Decriminalising personal use of marijuana in South Australia has not increased consumption.
However, it has had the unexpected result of greatly increasing the detection-rate for minor cannabis offences.
The number of cannabis-related instant fines rose from 6231 in 1987-88, when the system was introduced, to a peak of 17,425 in 1993-94. It has since plateaued at 16,000 to 17,000.
Under the 1987 South Australia act, possession of less than 25g of cannabis earns an instant fine of $A50; 25g but less than 100g, $A150. Possession of up to 20g of cannabis resin costs $A50 to $A150; and smoking or consuming cannabis, $A50. Possessing cannabis-related equipment costs $A10; cultivating plants, $A150. Until last year, cultivation of up to 10 plants was included in the instant-fine system. That was reduced to three plants after police complained that commercial growers were exploiting the system.
- Cannabis Users Face Fine Not Record: West Australian, 27 May 2002
- Cannabis Cafes Across NSW Under New Bill: Canberra Times, 9 April 2001
- Doctors, Law Back Marijuana Rethink: The Australian, October 1 1999
- NSW Trial Of Cannabis To Go Ahead: The Age, 16 May 2001
- The personal use of marijuana could be decriminalised in Tasmania next year after public debate: Australia, The Examiner (Launceston), Fri, 16 Oct 1998
- MARIJUANA USERS SENT TO DRUG EDUCATION CLASSES: West Australian October 20 1998
- DOWN ON DOPE: The Australian, October 20 1998
- Court Uncertain On Cannabis Law: The West Australian: Friday, August 14, 1998
- Australia, State by State
- Several states are decriminalising possession and allowing small scale cultivation
- HEMP SA inc - Help End Marijuana Prohibition South Australia
PO Box 1019, Kent Town, 5071, S.A., AUSTRALIA
Web site: http://www.hemp.on.net.au
Check out our on-line HEMP news service:- pot-news!
to subscribe to pot-news, send email to "firstname.lastname@example.org"quot; with "subscribe pot-news first_name last_name" in the message. Alternatively, you can just subscribe to the digest version. (replace pot-news with pot-news-digest to get the digest version only.)
- Austria allows cannabis for medical purposes: Khaleej Times, July 10 2008
1. Consumption and possession The possession and use of marijuana is punished by law with imprisonment (max. 15 years for any amount) plus fine
2. Cultivation The cultivation is not regulated by the law. Marijuana is planted illegally and according the penal code the punishment for cultivation is 15 to 25 years imprisonment.
3. Distribution Absolutely illegal.
4. Provision of seeds, tools to produce and consume cannabis etc. Absolutely illegal again. Tools to produce and consume cannabis are sold legally nowhere.
5. Production and distribution of hemp products Hemp products are produced and sold in Bulgaria, but there is no legal regulation for it. It is not forbidden but it is not admitted either.
Thanks to ENCOD for the above
1. Consumption and possession
Drug consumption is considered an offence only if it takes place in a group. Since a ministerial decree of January 2005, possession of cannabis for personal use is depenalised. This means: if you are above 18, and have less than 3 grammes on you, and if you are not causing public nuisance according to the police officer or the judge, you will not be persecuted. If you are under 18, if you have more than 3 grammes, if you are into public nuisance, if there are aggravating circumstances or if you are stopped by police outside the district where you live, you may have a problem. Punishment is with fines or prison in case of aggravating circumstances.
Cultivation of one female plant per person is allowed. In practice, judges have acquitted growers with up to 100 plants on the argument of personal consumption. Others were less lucky.
Illegal. More heavily punished then before the depenalisation of cannabis (now it is always jail, before it was jail or treatment)
4. Provision of seeds, tools to produce and consume cannabis etc.
The last Belgian growshop, FLOW in Antwerpen, was closed in March 2006. Some small efforts to open new ones are on-going.
5. Production and distribution of hemp products
It is legal, but difficult to find. One hemp shop opened in Leuven early 2006. http://www.hempmade.be/
Small amount is not defined by the law - except Cannabis. From the 2003 reform the possession of not more than 3 gramms of Cannabis is a minor offence which is punished by fine.
Thanks to ENCOD for the above
- Belgium: New Rules On Cannabis Use Enter Into Force: Expatica.Com, 1 February 2005
- Belgium To Legalise Cannabis: The Guardian, 29 March 2003
- BELGIUM Approves Cannabis for Selected Medical Purposes: Agence France-Presses, 19 July 2001
- Marijuana Allowed For Personal Use In Belgium: Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 19 January 2001
- Belgium Agrees To Legalize Cannabis: Associated Press, 19 January 2001
- Seen Decriminalising Cannabis Use: Reuters, 19 January 2001
- Cannabis Use No Longer Illegal: De Standaard, 19 January 2001
- BRAZIL: Judge Says Legalize All Drugs Worldwide : Opposing Views, 5 April 2010
- Marijuana Marchers Stopped and Arrested: Brazzil Magazine, May 16 2008
- Bulgaria Is Among Cannabis Top Producers in Europe : Standard Times, 26 February 2010
- U.N. Report - Cambodia Top World Source Of Marijuana: The Star, Malaysia, 8 June 2001
- CAMAROON To Import Cannabis: BBC News, 8 January 2001
- New medical marijuana rules cut homegrowers, pharmacists out: 10 June 2013
- Judge Quashes Pot Law: Windosr Star, April 15 2011
- Compassion Club Providing Medicinal Marijuana Shut Down by Police : Glober and Mail, 5 April 2010
- Marijuana Easier to Get at School Than Cigarettes: Ottawa Citizen, 10 January 2005
- BC: Medical Marijuana Is Coming to B.C. Drugstores: Vancouver Sun, 22 March 2004
- Cannabis Chronology: Calgary Herald, 7 March 2004
- Penalties To Double For Growing Marijuana: Ottawa Citizen, 14 May 2003
- Canada, U.S. To Have Pot Talks: Toronto Star, 13 May 2003
- Pot Charge Rejected in Potential Landmark: 2 January 2002
- Judge Calls Marijuana Law Invalid: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 2 January 2003
- 50% Support Decriminalizing Marijuana: Poll: The Ottawa Citizen, 2 January 2003
- Ottawa To Roll Out Pot Bill In New Year: Star Phoenix, 10 December 2002
- Pot Bust Sets Record: Delta Optimist, 25 November 2002
- SENATE REPORT 2002
- Senate Pushes Legal Pot: Calgary Sun, 5 September 2002
- Legalize Pot, Senate Committee Says: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 4 September 2002
- No Plans For Legal Pot: Edmonton Sun, 13 August 2002
- Legal Pot Snuffed Out: Winnipeg Free Press, 13 August 2002
- A Crime No Longer: Winnipeg Free Press, 19 July 2002
- Minister Considers Relaxing Pot Laws: Winnipeg Sun, 13 July 2002
- Pot Probers Muse On Decriminalization: Vancouver Sun, 3 May 2002
- Wire: First Batch Of Government-Issue Medical Marijuana Ready For Patients: Canadian Press, 21 December 2001
- Don't Legalize Marijuana, Police Tell Health Minister: Ottowa Citizen, 4 August 2001
- Rock Goes Underground To Admire First Pot Garden: Globe and Mail, 3 August 2001
- Weed Will Be Available: Edmonton Sun, 2 August 2001
- New Pot Rules Raise Questions: Penticton Herald, 1 August 2001
- Canada Legalises The Compassionate Joint For Chronic And Terminal Illnesses: Guardian Weekly, 31 July 2001
- Canada Makes Cannabis Legal: The Times, 31 July 2001
- BC: Pot For Pain Club Launched: Parksville Qualicum Beach News, 20 July 2001
- Pharmacists Willing To Distribute Marijuana: Calgary Herald, 19 July 2001
- Patients Get Pot Ok, But No Supply: London Free Press, 5 July 2001
- Legal-Marijuana Users To Get Photo Id Cards: Globe and Mail, 4 July 2001
- Set To License Pot Farms: Seattle Times, 17 June 2001
- Pot Smokers Just As Healthy - Study: National Post (Canada), 11 June 2001
- Feds Regulate Medical Pot: Halifax Daily News, 7 April 2001
- Issues Plan On Medical Marijuana: Washington Post, 7 April 2001
- Firm Grows Medical Pot In Mine Shaft: Western Producer, 4 January 2001
- Marijuana Cultivation Law Suspended: Edmonton Journal, 12 December 2000
- Alta Judge Suspends Pot Cultivation Law, Rejects Charge: Ottawa Citizen, 11 December 2000
- Canadian Government Will Legalize Medical Marijuana Use
- Anti-Marijuana Law Violates Rights Of The Sick, Judge Rules: The Ottowa Citizen, 1 August 2000
- Law Against Marijuana Struck Down In Ontario: Globe and Mail, 1 August 2000
- Pot Prohibition Unconstitutional, Rules Court Of Appeals: Associated Press, 31 July 2000
- Pot Okay For Medical Use, Hamm Says: Globe and Mail (Canada), October 9 1999
- Pot Suppliers May Get A Break: Toronto Star, October 7 1999
- Rock To Exempt 12 Marijuana User From Prosecution National Post, October 4 1999
- Marijuana Growers Get Off With Lenience In The Courts: Vancouver Sun, October 4 1999
- Canadian Judge Rules Medical Marijuana is allowed : Thursday, 11 December 1997: Ottawa Citizen
- Relax Marijuana Laws: Federal Study: Ottowa Citizen June 14 1998
- Politicising Pot
- BRAZIL: CHILEAN SENATORS PROPOSE DECRIMINALISATION OF CANNABIS CULTIVATION : Santiago Times, 8 August 2012
- Decriminalize Drug Possession: ENCOD / Croatian Times, July 2012
- Medical Marijuana Now Sold Legally in Pharmacies Throughout the Czech Republic: 2 April 2013
- Czech Republic Legalizes Cannabis For Medicinal Consumption: eNews Park Forest, 21 February 2013
- Czech youth EU’s leading pot smokers: CzechPosition, July 11 2011
- Pot smokers exhale with relief over new drug law : AFP, 17 March 2010
- Punishment for marihuana to be milder for Czechs: Prague Daily Monitpr, January 9 2009
- Czech: Marihuana not always a drug, court rules: Prague Daily Monitor, December 11 2008
- Judge releases cannabis grower "unaware of crime: Prague Daily Monitor, August 15 2008
Denmark has allowed cannabis to be grown, sold and consumed, in an area which is part of Copenhagen. Unfortunately the people who live there are mostly poor and the area is quite run-down, giving cannabis a bad press.
BUT: Cannabis Showdown In Christiania: Copenhagen Post, 8 March 2002
- Life after cannabis prohibition: The city announces its ambitionsCopenhagen Post, 16 March 2013
- Mayors reject legal cannabis proposal Copenhagen Post, 4 March 2013
- Majority Wants to Legalise HashPolitiken, 6 August 2012
- Copenhagen's Hippies Under Siege: Financial times, 31 May 2003
- Government to Halt Drug-Dealing in Copenhagen Deutsche Presse-Agentur, 7 May 2003
- Danish Drug Users Union
- <Manager, salesman jailed fouryears for possessing cannabis Manager claimed he possessed 1.2kg cannabis for consumption: Gulf News, 3 March 2013
- Radio DJ Jailed in Dubai Over Drugs : Press Association, February 20 2008
- Dubai's Less Than Zero Tolerance Warning: Central Station, Australia, November 26 2007.
Businessmen want to restore cannabis industry in Estonia : Baltic Business News, July 15 2008
(From Hemp-Lifeline to the future, Chris Conrad) and thanks to Shug
It is still illegal today, although many locals smoke. Crops in the Sinai are being destroyed and Westerners are being given long sentences by the courts
- BRITON SENTENCED TO DEATH FOR ALLEGEDLY TRYING TO SMUGGLE THREE TONS OF CANNABIS INTO EGYPT, 3 JUNE 2013
- Egypt faces the scourge of hashish: Ennahar Online, Monday 05 Apr 2010>
- Drug user gets jail time: Fiji Daily Post, July 21 2008
- Marijuana a Fiji Election Issue: A Fijian high chief has said his people should be shot dead if found planting marijuana: CNN (US Web), 19 August 2001
- Cannabis cultivation on the rise: 18 July 2013
- Cannabis Cultivation Lifestyle Choice for More Finns: YLE News, 26 April 2011
2. Cultivation This is one of the real drawbacks with the new law. Even small-scale cultivation of cannabis qualifies as "production", which is automatically considered more serious than personal use. We have tried to point out that this actually favours the illegal drugs trade by providing a disincentive for users to grow their own.
3. Distribution Criminalised - those convicted of small-scale dealing might get off with a fine, but prison sentences are frequent when large amounts are involved.
4. Provision of seeds, tools to produce and consume cannabis etc. Possession and/or sale of seeds is not criminalised, and head shops seem to operate without any problems. Sale of pipes and rolling papers (intended for use with tobacco) are restricted to those 18 and over.
5. Production and distribution of hemp products No problem: hemp clothing, soaps, shampoos, oils, and even chocolate and other food products are sold at a few stores in Finland. Amounts Limits of small amount: 10 g Hashish, 15 g Marijuana, 10 Ecstasy pills, 3 g Amphetaimine, 1 g Heroin, 1,5 g Cocaine - the offender is fined or jailed for 5-15 days.
Thanks to ENCOD for this
Law on pot-based medicine takes effect : 10 June 2013
1. Consumption and possession In addition to penalising the debate on cannabis (presenting it in a "favorable" way is an offence), the French law prohibits the use of cannabis with more or less severe sanctions according to the act ; as example, the simple use can lead to up to one year of imprisonment which can be accompanied or substituted by a fine going up to 3.750 euros; Possession or use of drugs in a private or public place (in the street, in a bus, in your own car if it is in the street, in a bar, etc.) is totally forbidden. No distinction is made for use for therapeutic or religious purpose in continental France, but there are some special laws in overseas territories like Polynesia. This approximate application of the law, which is dependent on the interpretation of individuals (judge and police) as much as geographical localizations (larger tolerance downtown and big cities), has regularly put the problem of the revision of this law on table.
2. Cultivation Cultivation for your own use (for recreational or medicinal or another purpose) is totally forbidden. As a producer, you should face the hight criminal court, but then it is generally not the case, because it will overloaded this court which is already overloaded. (punishable from fine up to 7 500 000 euros to 30 years).
3. Distribution Smuggling (traffic), can lead to the criminal reclusion to perpetuity (30 years) and 7.500.000 euros of fine. Selling drugs is a crime. The French law thus distinguishes clearly the user, considered more as one patient than like a delinquent, who raise of the Code of the Public health, and the “dealer " who sells drug in addition to his possible consumption, which is considered as smuggler and raises of the Penal code.In practice, the marked judgments are seldom also severe and the continuations seldom as systematic as the law prescribes.
4. Provision of seeds, tools to produce and consume cannabis etc. It is illegal to sell or to buy seeds. Hemp products (it depends on THC levels) are legal, but some hemp shops face prosecution because they did present cannabis in a favorable way.
5. Production and distribution of hemp products See above This is the law. Then the police have their own laws and judges make their own laws…
Thanks to ENCOD for the above
- 'Cannabis clubs' register in France : 27 March 2013
- FRANCE To Toughen Laws On Cannabis: The Guardian, 27 December 2002
- Koucher Opposes Drugs Law: The Times, 13 September 2001
- Health Minister Says Marijuana: Associated Press, 25 July 2001
- French police raid The Body Shop in France and confiscate cannabis products
- A panel of scientists commissioned by the health
minister Bernard Kouchner, looked at all the current scientific literature
on the psychological and physical dependency caused by drugs, at their neural
and general toxicity, and at their social effects.
They then grouped the substances together into three main categories according to their danger level.
Cannabis was the only drug which the team of 10, headed by Bernard-Pierre Roques, of the Rene Descartes University of Paris, placed in the "least dangerous" category. The panellists gave it a rating of "weak" when it came to both social hazardousness and addictiveness and "very weak" when it came to general toxicity. They gave it a complete "zero" for neurotoxicity - the detrimental effect on the health of the brain. (Source: Independent On Sunday, June 28 1998)
2. Cultivation Is forbidden, too. There is no regulation to tolerate it, but they usually use the same "small amounts" to close a case as with possession. That means almost every grower comes to a judge. The punishment is fine or prison up to five years. For more than 7,5 g THC-content minimum 1 year prison.
3. Distribution Fine or prison up to five years. For more than 7,5 g THC-contend minimum 1 year prison. To make it more complicated the punishment in all segments can be less if the case is less "heavy" - and the punishment can be harder if it depends "organised crime" (minimum 5 years prison for more than 7,5 g THC).
4. Provision of seeds, tools to produce and consume cannabis with etc Seeds are forbidden, if they seem to be sold or possessed for illegal cultivation. so there is no legal way to sell or possess seeds for that purpose. But in the 'grey area', they are sold as 'birds feed', everyone knows what this means, but the head shops are not especially prosecuted for this. Besides- there are razzias for people who ordered hemp seed through the Internet. Growing and smoking equipement is no problem in Germany. But a grow shop should not tell the people, how to grow Cannabis with it.
5. Production and distribution of hemp products Not a big problem, but very bureaucratic ways of surveillance and narrow THC-levels for hemp-food etc. The people who control for what purpose the cultivation is have no training to see the differences.
Thanks to ENCOD for the above
November 1998: A petition of 30 thousand signatures organised by the "Selbsthilfegruppe Cannabis als Medizin" in Berlin was handed in to the Senat of Berlin in March 1998. All governing parties (CDU, SPD, PDS and Bündnis 90/Die Grünen) discussed the issue and unanimously support it!
The signatures being collected currently, will be handed to the "Petitionsausschuss des Deutschen Bundestages" together with the 30 thousand from Berlin.
ACM, Arbeitsgemeinschaft Cannabis als Medizin (Association for Cannabis as Medicine ) -- Mail Miro for more information
Germany's narcotic laws (the Betäubungsmittelgesetz BtMG)prohibit the import, export, processing and possession of cannabis, although cultivation of cannabis as a beet-breeding agent is allowed provided the plants do not flower.
Cannabis was completely illegal throughout Germany until March 9 1994 when the German Constitutional Court - the Verfassungsgericht -in Kruhe ruled that it was unconstitutional to prohibit the use of drugs or possession in small amounts, this allowing authorities to give nominal or no penalties for possession and use. Different parts of the country reacted differently. In some cities cannabis supply is tolerated along the same lines as in Holland. In other places the courts still treat possession as an offence. In Schleswig-Holstein, for example, no charges are usually brought for possession of less than 30 grams, but in Thuringen even tiny amounts are prosecuted.
However, see the German Government have denied the Court ruling.
The German state of Schleswig-Holstein is legalizing cannabis for recreation. ID cards to applicants 16 and older will be issued to reduce the contact of cannabis users with hard drug dealers. The ID card will contain no personal information, but rather will be used to collect data about the program. Under the program, ID card holders will be allowed to purchase and possess no more than 5 grams of hashish on their person. The German state of Hessen will tabulate statistics and evaluate the program so that there is little chance of the evaluation being compromised. If successful, the program will be considered as a model for legalizing cannabis for the entire country. The measure is supported by the Green Party and the Social Democratic Party. The model project is being implemented by the Schleswig-Holstein Minister of Health, Heide Moser.
- Cannabis cafes could set up shop in Berlin : DW.de, 16 September 2013
- Weed War: Marijuana Plants Sprout across German City : Der Spielgel, 15 July 2103
- Nationwide cannabis limit rolls nearer : The Local, 24 May 2013
- Berlin Set to Relax Cannabis Laws : Spiegel, May 18 2010
- Dutch Municipalities Plan New Campaign Against Drug Tourists: Deutsche Welle, October 29 2008
- Police Crackdown as Cannabis Farms Grow : The Times, January 29 2008
- Article: German Drug Laws
- Court Raises Hash Possession limit (Globe and Mail October 20 1994)
- Farmer remanded for possessing 29 wrappers of cannabis: Modern Ghana, May 26 2008
- Police Arrest Chief : Modern Ghana, October 27 2007
Recently GREECE has stopped prosecuting possession of small amounts of cannabis.
Last year stiff prison sentences for possessing recreational drugs such as marijuana were revoked, although smokers caught red-handed are still required to have long periods of counselling. The state has also funded the opening of 36 therapeutic and drug prevention centres in less than a year.
Six of Greece's 15 self-styled Kannabishops have been shut down in a move that could soon bring the country before the European Court.
Each of the 500 items sold by the chain carried the very visible warning: "Don't try to smoke this product. If you do, you will get nothing but an awful headache. It does not contain THC (the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana)."
Here is an article John Yates translated from the Finnish newspaper, Hufvudstadsbladet.
Cannabis trade out of control.
It is impossible to fight the massive cannabis trade in Greenland as it involves the whole of society according to Hans Haahr, chief of Greenland's Drug Squad, in a statement to Radio Greenland.
The Drug Squad estimates that the trade in cannabis is worth 75 million US dollars, which is equivalent to nearly 10 per cent of the annual gross national product, including the economic assistance from Denmark. This makes the cannabis trade Greenland's third largest industry measured in annual turnover.
Businessmen are involved, according to the police, as they accept drug money and launder it in trading with snow-scooters, boats and stereo equipment.
Large segments of the population smoke cannabis regularly, while businesses earn millions through money laundering, says Hans Haahr. He adds that all social groups smoke cannabis and that there are school teachers who sell cannabis to pupils.
According to Hans Haahr politicians are responsible for the out of control cannabis trade.
Source: Hufvudstadsbladet 21.August.1998
- Fine and one month (for 1 gramme of cannabis) : Stabroek News, 6 August 2012
1. Consumption and possession There is no distinction in Hungarian law between illicit drugs according to dangers. Heroin use has the same consequences as cannabis use. Use or possession of small amount of drugs cause you up to two years of prison, but after the penal code modification (March 1 2003) there is a possibility for choosing "diversion into therapy," which means if you participate in a 6 months therapy you can avoid jail. The amount of the drug is counted as the amount of the pure psychoactive substance, in case of cannabis the limit of small amount is 1 gram pure THC. No medical use is permitted. If you possess more, you can go to jail for 5-10 years.
2. Cultivation The limit of small amount for cultivation is 5 cannabis plants, in this case you face the same punishment as described above. If you grow a significant amount of cannabis, you can go to jail from 5 to 10 years.
3. Distribution Small amount - up to 2 years. Significant amount - 5-15 years or lifelong imprisonment.
4. Provision of seeds, tools to produce and consume cannabis etc. Seeds cannot be distributed, because police will accuse you of "preparation of crime," but for this they should prove the intention of crime. Distributing seeds is risky. Cannabis parapharnelia can be distributed.
5. Production and distribution of hemp products Hemp products: if there is no significant THC in the products they can be distributed and purchased legally. 6. Shops that sell cannabis-related products
Thanks to ENCOD for the above
- Police Raid Hungary's Largest Ever Cannabis Plantation : 6 August 2012
- Pot smokers exhale with relief over new drug law : India Express, 23 February 2010
- Now, Drugs Are A Burning Issue: Times of India, 24 June 2002
- Cannabis cultivation continues to thrive in Kullu : Daily India, March 19 2007
- Corrupt Police Have Made Paradise Hell: Express, Express on Sunday (UK), September 21 1999
Two drug traffickers hanged : Peninsula On-Line, Qatar, May 5 2007
- Israel relaxes restrictions on medical marijuanaHaaretz , September 5 2010
- Medical Marijuana Legally Available BBS News, January 20 2008
- Cannabis Based Medicine ‘Sativex’ Now Available in Italy , 9 June 2013
- Italy legalises Medicinal Cannabis, Sensi Seeds, 12 March 2013
In 1990, the Italian Parliament passed a drug law (known as "Legge 309/90") whereby personal consumption of illegal drugs became a criminal offence.
The anti-prohibitionist movement reacted to the new situation by proposing a referendum which was succesfully held in 1993. Personal consumption of illegal drugs was decriminalized "from below" on that occasion, but administrative sanctions have remained.
The attitude toward alcohol and tobacco has been traditionally quite tolerant; tobacco can only be produced or imported by the Italian government.
CURRENT STATE OF HARM REDUCTION
Harm reduction policies such as needle exchange or drop in projects are being implemented on a local basis, so situations can be very different from one place to the other. Pill testing is considered illegal and thwarted by Italian government, and consumption rooms are non-existent.
CURRENT STATE OF CANNABIS POLICIES
Personal consumption is decriminalized, but users still risk administrative sanctions (such as suspension of driving licence, suspension of passport etc.). Moreover, if they are found with an illegal drug, they can be indicted and asked to prove personal use themselves. If they are not able to prove that, possession can be equated to drug dealing, which is a criminal offence. Cultivation is not permitted.
TOPIC OF LATEST DISCUSSION
In recent months the press has been dealing with the Government's proposal for a new, very repressive anti-drug law. Medical marijuana has also received some attention in the last few months. Mainstream media usually cover drug seisures made by police forces.
CURRENT GOVERNMENTS' ATTITUDE
Italian vice-premier Mr Gianfranco Fini has presented a new bill which, if passed by the Parliament, would reintroduce consumption as a criminal offense.
In practical terms, this would mean more drug-users in prison or in treatment-instead of prison programmes. Also, the new law would non make any distinction between "soft" and "hard" drugs. If consumers are found in possession of very small quantities (thresholds) of an illegal drug, administrative sanctions and treatment programmes will be activated, but they will not be accused of a criminal offence.
Here are some of the thresholds indicated with the proposal: THC: 250 milligrammes; heroin: 200 milligrammes, cocaine: 500 milligrammes.
Drug policy is directly exercised by the vice premier, Mr Gianfranco Fini, together with Mr Alfredo Mantovano, undersecretary of state. Mr Pietro Soggiu is the national coordinator of drug policies.
FUTURE PERSPECTIVE FROM A DRUG POLICY REFORM POINT OF VIEW
The political battle against the government's approach will not be easy because the Italian government has a very b hold on the Parliament, but local governments and civil society might make a difference by exercising political pressure from below.
A referendum might also be a possibility. The present legal regulation of drugs is also unsatisfactory, and a political reform is to be advocated anyway. For that reason, Fuoriluogohas launched a petition where a pragmatic reform of national drug policies is advocated in order to achieve a full depenalization of drugs consumption. This text was signed by nearly 3900 people and has become the basis for a bill which was presented in Parliament in June 2003 by around 70 MPs from all the opposition parties.
Thanks to ENCOD for the above
- Court of Cassation Green-lights Ganja: Corriere della Sera: Italian Life, July 13 2008
- A woman has had her marriage annulled after her husband smoked : The Cheers, Estonia, February 24 2008
- Government Considers Legalization of Marijuana: KBCS New, March 1 2008
- Bill To Legalise Ganja For Private Use Soon, Says Nicholson: Jamaica Observer, 30 March 2003
- Jamaica Considers Legalizing Marijuana: The register-Guard, 4 June 2001
- Pot Panel May Help Turn Over A New Leaf: Los Angeles Times, 2 June 2001
- Parliament Approves Commission to Look at Decriminalization of Marijuana
There has been a growing re-legalisation movement since the early 1970s. Hemp stores around Japan are doing a good trade in hemp products and smoking paraphernalia, spreading more balanced information on the value of the marijuana plant and the harm caused by prohibition. The medical marijuana movement is beginning to bloom there, too.
Japan Medical Marijuana Association: e-mail email@example.com
- Legalization The War's Best Weapon Japan Times, 28 July 2001
- Culture Of Cannabis: Japan Times, July 13 1999
- Kulundu Declares War On Bhang Cultivation: East African Standard, 24 March 2003
- Cannabis Given As Pain Killer: East African Standard, 1 April 2002
- <Cannabis farmers scoff at LL45 billion plan: Daily Star, Lebanon, 27 September 2012
- Compensation for Criminals but Rest Wither on the Vine: The National, Lebanon, 9 August 2012
- Security Forces Destroying Cannabis Come under Fire in East Lebanon: Daily Star Lebanon, 23 July 2012
- Murr Declares Victory In War On Drug Cultivation: Daily Star, 5 September 2002
- Hashish Grows Again In The Fields Of Lebanon: Independent on Sunday, 1 July 2001
- Weed Is Again the Crop of Choice: Los Angeles Times, 19 July 2001
- Cattlemen Miss Lucre of Hashish: New York Times, 5 April 2001
Consumption of cannabis is punished with 10001 to 100000 Belgian Francs (Luxembourg has Belgian and Luxembourgish Francs)
Cannabis consumption in presence of minors should be punished additionally with 8 days to 6-month imprisonment.
Consumption of hard drugs the same fine and directly the same imprisonment.
Before under the old Labor/Christ Democratic-Government there was a move to depenalise the consumption of cannabis from persecution, but after the elections 1999 the situation changed. We now have a democratic /christdemocratic-government. Before the election the law could not pass the state-council. The major opposition was that it is not possible that consumption will be allowed and selling, buying and detention is not allowed. [Johnny]
1. Consumption and possession The current drug policy in Macedonia makes no difference between recreational and medical use of cannabis. The existing laws make no difference between different types of drugs or quantity. It’s up to the lawyer (what kind of case he is going to build) and the judge on what kind of verdict he/she is going to bring. So, if you are caught with a smaller quantity of any drugs (including cannabis) that you can prove it is for a personal use, you should be prosecuted according to the “Law for Misdemeanours Against Public Peace and Order”, for which you can be punished with a fine or with 30 60 days of prison. According to the latest experiences from the people that have been caught with a small quantity of cannabis ( a joint or so) for a personal use, it seems that it’s up to the police officers from the Department for Drugs and Crime to decide weather they are going to be processed to the court or not. If you are caught with a bigger quantity of cannabis, you will be prosecuted according to the Criminal Code, Article 216, for Enabling the taking of narcotics, psychotropic substances and precursors”, which can lead to imprisonment of three months to five years, and in case the act is committed towards a minor or it caused severe consequences, of one to ten years.
2. Cultivation and
3. Distribution According to the law mentioned above, the narcotics, psychotropic substances and precursors shall be confiscated. This covers all the questions regarding cultivation, distribution or provision of seeds. According to the information we have from the regions in Macedonia (South-Eastern part of Macedonia) where there is a tradition of growing cannabis, the police is usually more liberal, they just confiscate the plants and do not raise any case. Very often people grow cannabis on the land which is a state property.
4. Provision of seeds, tools to produce and consume cannabis etc. With regards to tools for production or consumption of cannabis, there is no problem. The same goes for the distribution of hemp products.
5. Production and distribution of hemp products With regards to the production of hemp products, there may be no problem. On the contrary, there is a long tradition of producing hemp products in Macedonia, but this tradition is slowly disappearing or you can find it only in rural parts of Macedonia.
Thanks to ENCOD for the above
Not a good place to smoke cannabis!
- Two Customs officers to hang for trafficking in cannabis : New Straits Times, 10 October 2012
- Two Men Sent To The Gallows For Drug Offence: Bernama, April 19 2011
- Van Driver To Hang For Drug Trafficking: Bernarma, 17 June 2010
- Former imam jailed 6 years for ganja possession: Malaysia Star, 5 April 2010
- Two men to be hanged for trafficking in cannabis: New Straits Times, Malaysia, October 8 2008
- Trader to hang for drug trafficking: News Straits Times, December 2 2008
- Taxi driver gets eight years, 10 strokes for drug possession: News Straits Times, July 11 2008
- Death for drug trafficker: Malaysia Star, May 22 2008
- : Malaysia Star, January 26 2008
- Ex-athlete Gets Jail, Rotan for Cannabis : New Straits Times, January 26 2008
- Drug Convict Spared the Gallows after 9-Year Wait : New Strait Times, November 13 2007
- Indonesian Labourer to Hang for Trafficking : Malaysian Star, October 10 2007
- Indonesian Labourer Gets 15 Years for Drug Possession : The Star, August 20 2007
- Carpenter Gets Death For Drug Offence Cannabis: The Star, 26 July 2005
- Indonesian Gets Death For Dadah Trafficking: New Straits Times , 23 September 2005
- 10 Strokes For Having Cannabis: Malay Mail, 23 June 2005
- Fisherman To Hang For Drug Peddling - Cannabis: The Star, 10 August 2003
- Malaysian Gets Life For Growing Cannabis Plant: The Star, 31 March 2000
- Middle Class Going For Ganja And Ecstasy: The Star, 12 June 2002
- FILIPINO SENTENCED TO HANG IN MALAYSIA FOR DRUGS
24 Jun 1998 : Source: Reuters
KUALA LUMPUR, - A Malaysian court on Monday sentenced a Philippine national to death for dealing in cannabis, the national Bernama news agency said.
Andy Bagindah, 28, was arrested in December 1996 with 811 grams (28 ounces) of the drug at the back of a shop in Kudat town in Sabah state on Borneo island.
Malaysia's drug laws prescribe the mandatory death penalty for people trafficking in more than 15 grams (0.5 ounce) of heroin or 200 grams (seven ounces) of cannabis.
More than 100 people, around a third of them foreigners, have been hanged in Malaysia for drug offences since the mandatory death sentence for trafficking was introduced two decades ago.
- No possession of drugs required for drug possession charges: Malta Today, 4 September 2012
- Man guilty of cultivating cannabis jailed 12 years: Malta Media, March 5 2009
- 8 years in jail and fine for Gozitan cannabis farmer : Malta Media, January 30 2008
- World-wide cracks Hawaii Daily News, 31 July 2013
- Will the Cultivation of Cannabis be Legalized in Morocco?, 16 June 2013
- Cannabis Discussions To Take Place: Reuters, 11 June 2010
- Morocco Halves Hashish Production : Playfuls.com, February 27 2007
- Harboring Hashish: St. Petersburg Times, June 17 2002
- Mexico City mulls legal marijuana 'clubs': Tengri News, 4 September 2013
- Mexico Favors Decriminalizing Over Legalizing Marijuana: Hispanically Speaking News, 8 August 2013
- Weeding Out a New Tijuana: Baltimore Sun, 17 August 2002
- Leader Backs Call To Legalize Drugs: Edmonton Journal, 21 March 2001
- Chihuahua Considers Legalizing Pot: Dallas Morning News (TX), 1 June 2002
- International Customs Day Combatting Drug Trafficking : Gorkhapatra, January 26 2008
- Marijuana Cultivated In 40 pc Land In ParsaKathmandu Post, 11 January 2001
- Drug tests for KiwiRail workers: Otago Daily Times, 22 May 2013
- Mother convicted over cannabis in breast milk: New Zealand Herald, 27 October 2012 - see also: Cannabinoids, like those found in marijuana, occur naturally in human breast milk
- What The Parties Say About Cannabis Law Reform: New Zealand Herald, 22 July 2002
- Hemp Trial At Last: Nelson Mail, 22 August 2001
- Violent Users Anti-Social Before Cannabis - Study: Otago Daily Times, 17 July 2001
- Harre Backs Partial Liberalisation Of Cannabis Law: New Zealand Herald, 25 January 2001
- Cabinet Rules Out Legalising Cannabis: The Dominion, March 9 1999
- Legalize Dope, Report Urges
- North Korea Has A Surprising Attitude To Marijuana: Business Insider, 15 January 2013
- Cannabis was never made illegal and remains the preferred herb of the citizen : Dutch Passion Seeds, 17 January 2013
- Ever Increasing Numbers Of Norwegians Use Drugs: Aftonbladet (Sweden), 4 December 2000
- Dumaguete Councilor: Legalize Marijuana Use: The Freeman, 19 November 2004
- Aussie Gets 12 Years For Marijuana: People's Tonight (Philippines), 20 October 2004
- Death for Marijuana: Philippine Star, 29 June 2002
- President Signs Four 'Landmark' Bills Into Law: death penalty: Manila Times, 8 June 2002
- Portugal drug decriminalisation 'a resounding success': will Britain respond? No. : The Telegraph, 28 Sept 2010
- Cannabis Use Levels Off After Sharp Rise in the 90's
LEGAL STATUS OF CANNABIS
1. Consumption and possession in Portugal, recreational use of cannabis is forbidden by law; also the medicinal use is not yet officially recognized (there are a debate and some law projects in Parliament). Portugal signed all the UN conventions on narcotics and psychotropic to date. With the 2001 decriminalization bill, the consumer is now regarded as a patient and not as a criminal (you can buy, posses, the amount usually used for ten days) but repression persists. You can be sent to a dissuasion committee and have a talk or you must pay some money.
2. Cultivation and
3. Distribution The cultivation of cannabis, even if in very small scale home grow can legally be persecuted. In 2003 another update to the "drugs law" brought the criminalization of the possession of cannabis seeds, except certified industrial hemp seed. A shady tone of a law that in practice while targeting the personal non-problematic home growers, benefits the black market of near-monopoly of Moroccan commercial hashish.
4. Provision of seeds, tools to produce and consume cannabis etc. Illegal
5. Production and distribution of hemp products There are a few hemp shops in Portugal and hemp products are legal. 6. Shops that sell cannabis-related products Amounts Limits of small amount: 40 g Hashish, 3 g Heroin, 5 g Cocaine, 30-50 doses of LSD - only punished if it is used in public (with a fine, 301 - 300 000 EUR).
Thanks to ENCOD for the above
- Marijuana Activists Brutalized by Moscow Police During Annual : Drug War Chronicle, May 7 2007
- <Four Districts Step Up Fight Against Drug Trafficking: AllAfrica, 6 August 2012
- 600 Arrested for Narcotics, Kanyanga AllAfrica, 30 July 2012
- Govt Seeks to Legalize Marijuana for Medical Use : whyprohibition, 10 Juen 2010
Not a good place to smoke cannabis!
Not a good place to smoke cannabis!
- Pakistani And Iraqi Beheaded In Saudi Arabia: Daily Times (Pakistan), January 2, 2005
- Saudi Arabia Executes Iraqi For Drug Smuggling: New Zealand Herald, 14 April 2003 : 18 Sep, 1998; Yahoo! News
Not a good place to smoke cannabis!
Not a good place to smoke cannabis!
- Pusher jailed, caned for selling drugs to students at international schools : Straits Times, 6 June 2013
- Indian National Jailed for Consuming Cannabis in Singapore : Samaylive, October 23 2012
- Singapore defends death penalty: Jan 20 2009
- Human rights group urges Singapore to stop executions: 15 January 2009
- <Zambian Woman in Singapore Faces Possible Hanging for Marijuana Traffiking: International Herald Tribune, 12 June 2007
- Scottish Police To Retain Harder Line On Cannabis: The Scotsman, 5 September 2002
- Scottish Citizens' Commission, Including Catholic Priest, Calls for Legalization, Reform
- target=blankPossession of Cannabis well on the way to becoming decriminalised in Scotland as Law turns blind eye
- South Africa To Consider Legalizing Marijuana Truthonpot, August 8, 2013
- Govt commission recommends semi-legalisation of marijuana, SABC News, September 18, 2012
- South Africa: Hemp farmer to sue cops for R2,6m: Independent South Aftrica, November 21 2009
1. Consumption and possession Use of drugs in a private place is allowed. Possession or use of drugs in a public place (in the street, in a bus, in your own car if it is in the street, in a bar, etc.) is not a crime, but it is a violation of the law: fines are 300 euros minimum.
2. Cultivation Cultivation for your own use (for recreational or medicinal or another purpose) is allowed. If the judge thinks that this cultivation is not for own use, it will be a crime (punishable from 1 to 3 years).
3. Distribution Selling drugs is a crime. For cannabis, the conviction goes from 1 year till 3 years of jail and a fine.
4. Provision of seeds, tools to produce and consume cannabis, hemp products etc. It is legal to sell or to buy seeds and other hemp products (it depends on THC levels).
5. Production and distribution of hemp products It is legal to sell or to buy seeds and other hemp products (it depends on THC levels). This is the law. Then the police have their own laws…
Thanks to ENCOD for the above
- Cannabis Clubs in Spain: Beckely Foundation, Sept 2012
- Cataluña To Treat the Chronically Ill with a Cannabis Derivative Drug :Typically Spanish, April 9 2008
- Smoking Cannabis in Public to Remain a Serious Offence in Spain: Typically Spanish, November 20 2007
- SPAIN's Health Ministry To Allow Doctors To Prescribe Cannabis: The Independent, 6 February, 2005
- Catalan Parliament Pushes For Legalisation Of Cannabis: British Medical Journal, 3 March 2001
- Growing Marijuana to Make Ends Meet in Swaziland: AllAfricam, 6 September 2013
- MS Patient Jailed for Cannabis Use: The Local, January 26 2008
- SWEDEN's First Hemp Farm: Aftonbladet, 5 August 2001
As far as allies go, Barry Macaffrey, the US drug czar, has praised Swedish drug policy. In Europe, the French have been big allies of the Swedes, but are beginning to make heretical noises (as you pointed out, the draconian restrictions on alcohol the Swedes want will terrify the French). Finland will support Sweden in whatever drug war nuttiness they come up with. And, of course, Sweden is the driving force and paymaster behind ECAD (European Cities Against Drugs) which has a membership of 180 European cities, including the City of London.
John Yates: September 1998
- Swiss Experts Debate What To Do About Cannabis: Eurasia Review, 23 July 2012
- Cannabis farmer Rappaz is taken to hospital : swissinfo.com, October 18 2010
- Zurich one step closer to legalizing cannabis : World Radio Switzerland, June 18 2010
- Swiss stub out cannabis decriminalisation bid: AFP, December 1 2008
- Swiss say no to legal cannabis but yes to prescription heroin: Earthg Times, November 30 2008
- Thai Drive Against Drug Dealers Turns Into A Bloodbath: Daily Telegraph, UK, 23 February 2003
Personal Use of Drugs to be De-Criminalized in Ukraine
Dateline: Odessa, Ukraine, exclusive to ReconsiDer by Mary Barr
In an exclusive interview with ReconsiDer member Mary Barr, the Chairman of Prisons in the Ukraine confirmed that in a committee meeting on June 5th, 2001 it was approved that 35-45,000 prisoners will be released by September 2001 to relieve overcrowding. He also announced that in September small amounts of drugs, or amounts deemed for personal use, will no longer be an arrestable offence. Viktor Vasilina, a retired KGB Colonel, accompanied Ms. Barr on her tour of a women's' prison in Odessa.
- Uruguay votes to create world's first national legal marijuana market: The Guardian, 1 August 2013
- Uruguay Takes Historic Step Toward Becoming First Country to Legally Regulate Marijuana: Drug Policvy Alliance, 31 July 2013
- Uruguay prepares for cannabis legalisation: Talking Drugs, 4 March 2013
- <Government Considers Growing Own Marijuana : Alaska Dispatch, 28 September 2012
- President Mujica Backs Down On Plan To Legalise Cannabis: Bernama, 16 July 2012
- Kamugisha Warns On Marijuana: New Vision, 18 July 2002
- Leader Urges Legalizing Drugs: Inquirer, 11 February 2001
- First American states vote to legalise cannabis and gay marriage: The Mirror, 7 November 2012
- Amendment 64 Passes: Colorado Legalizes Marijuana For Recreational Use: Huffington Post, 7 November 2012
- Arkansas Voters Reject Medical Marijuana: High Times, 7 November 2012
- Legalize It! Historic Night for Marijuana Reform as Colorado and Washington Take the Big Step: AlterNet, 6 November 2012
- Burlington voters pass cannabis referendum: Burlington Fre Press, 6 November 2012
Cannabis, or marijuana as it is often known, is banned as a Schedule 1 drug along with LSD and heroin, regarded as a substance with a high potential for abuse and no therapeutic value (that is all use is abuse according to the feds).
Simple possession is considered a misdemeanour and attracts a lighter penalty, although these are often extremely inhumane and seem to make no allowance for medical necessity. Under the federal law first time possession may be punished with a fine of 500 to 1000 dollars or one year's imprisonment. This varies greatly from state to state.
In 1973, Oregon became the first state to adopt civil rather than criminal penalties for possession for personal use. Ten other states have followed suit.
Since the 1970's the call for medical marijuana has grown and is now a central issue. Between 1978 and 1982, 32 states acknowledge medical benefits and attempted to make cannabis available, but it remains a federal offence. Few patients ever received medical marijuana that can be supplied only by the federal government.
This is the list of states with medical marijuana to the best of my knowledge - California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, Arizona, and Nevada. Colorado and the District of Columbia both voted in favour of it but were both denied by the government.
The USA created the IND program - Investigative New Drug - in order to activate their Compassionate use or Single Patient programme to satisfy public demand. In total 34 patients became INDs, all seriously ill. Since then many have died or had their supply withdrawn and the programme was closed down in 1992.
In the early 1990's cannabis buyers' clubs emerged as a source of medical marijuana. In November 1996 California passed the Compassionate Use Act as a result of Proposition 215, voted in by the people. However, the Federal government of Bill Clinton has continually opposed this and even threatened to arrest any doctor who recommends marijuana. Not only does this interfere in the rights of Americans to good health and the pursuit of happiness, it also interferes with doctor-patient confidentiality.
The federal government has continually closed down buyers clubs, but in Oakland, CA, the City authorities have ordered the City Manager to designate cannabis providers as city officers thereby making them immune from prosecution.
In November 1998, voters in Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, Oregon and Washington DC will consider initiative like Proposition 215, to allow medical marijuana to patients in need.
On the other hand it is reported that many judges have refused to allow medical necessity as a defence against prosecution.
The passage of voter initiatives in California and Arizona allowing the medical use of marijuana has caused renewed interest in a little-known government program at the University of Mississippi that supplies marijuana for medicinal purposes to eight people across the country.
There has definitely been more public attention to medical marijuana, said Allen St. Pierre, deputy director of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws. But the increased attention has been bittersweet because there has been so much misinformation on the subject. We get so many calls when people hear of the program and want to know how they can apply or how it can be legal for eight and not for others.
Under contract with the National Institute on Drug Abuse for 26 years, the University of Mississippi has grown marijuana for the eight patients and for research. It is the only legal marijuana plot in the country.
And 20 years ago, the university began supplying a select group of patients with marijuana under a separate program, overseen by the Food and Drug Administration, to provide "compassionate care" to relieve symptoms from diseases like multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, cancer, glaucoma and rare genetic diseases. Even though federal law classifies marijuana as an illegal narcotic with no recognised therapeutic value, the university's garden today supplies the eight patients with up to 300 marijuana cigarettes a month.
Created in 1976 when Robert Randall, a glaucoma patient, won a court ruling in Washington that marijuana was a medical necessity for his condition, the program stopped taking new patients in 1992 when the Department of Health and Human Services began its official policy of disavowing marijuana as a legitimate form of treatment.
Five of the original 13 patients have subsequently died.
One of those patients, Corinne Millet, a 65-year-old woman who has glaucoma, believes smoking marijuana saved her sight. After two operations and trying every drop on the market, Ms. Millet was told there was nothing more that could prevent her from going blind. Ms. Millet believes that prognosis was nullified on Oct. 14, 1989, when she was accepted into the federal program that provides her with five marijuana cigarettes a day along with, she says, her sight.
Although the new state laws allow doctors to prescribe marijuana in Arizona and recommend it in California, federal law makes it illegal for patients to get it. By federal definition, marijuana is a controlled substance with high potential for abuse and no medical value. Proponents of legalising marijuana for medicinal purposes argue that this classification seems illogical when forms of cocaine and morphine are listed as drugs that can be prescribed despite the risk of abuse.
But the very existence of the compassionate-care program contradicts Federal policy and puts the Food and Drug Administration in an "awkward position," said Don McLearn, a spokesman for the agency. Despite its name, the Compassionate Investigative New Drug program, known as compassionate IND, is not a research study with any goals of evaluating the medicinal value of smoking marijuana.
It is not a clinical trial, McLearn said. There was never any intent of using reports from the compassionate IND's to reach approval for the drug.
In fact, the reports submitted regularly by the participants' doctors are used only to evaluate whether to keep them in the program. The reports have no effect on a policy that discounts the medical value of smoking marijuana, McLearn said.
The compassionate-care program exists today because of the FDA's longstanding policy to keep an individual in an investigative drug program as long as they and their doctors think they're benefiting, McLearn said.
Advocates of medicinal marijuana wonder why the government has not used this copious information.
(c)Copyright 1996 The New York Times
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